South America is truly a paradise. From Patagonia to the Amazonas to the Andes, the whole continent is without a doubt breathtaking. And crossed by the Andes, towards the North West of the continent, lies Peru, the birthplace and capital of the ancient Inca Empire. Peru is a wonderful country, filled with a rich history, and its capital city, Lima, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, is a place that tourists must visit. Founded in 1535 by Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro, named Ciudad de los Reyes (City of the Kings), and what once was the biggest and most important city in South America during the Colonial Era, today Lima is still one of the most important cities in Latin America.
Lima is considered not only historically significant but culturally as well. The city is the biggest coastal city of the South American Pacific, and it is Peru’s political, economic, industrial, cultural, financial and commercial centre. Not only that, but Lima’s geographical position is one-of-a-kind compared to all other South American capitals: it is the only one with direct access to the ocean, including wonderful beaches on the shores of the Pacific, perfect for relaxing and surfing in the year-long unbeatable climate.
Some of the most recommended places to visit in Lima is the Plaza de Armas, or the Main Square, right at the heart of the historical centre. That is the exact spot in which the aforementioned Pizarro founded the city in the 16th Century. Surrounded by some of the most important buildings in the city such as the Cathedral, the Government Palace, the Archbishop’s Palace, and El Sagrario Church, this large square is a perfect place for tourists and locals alike since it’s the most famous and crowded location in Lima.
For those visitors who crave history, Huella Pullcana is an archaeological site that should not be missed. Belonging to a pre-Incan civilization from around 1800 years ago, this pyramidal site is roughly 25 metres tall and includes squares, patios and structures from that lost civilization, surrounded by the modern buildings which create a peculiar sight not to be missed.
Lima offers many other lovely sights to visit: Parque del Amor (Park of Love), founded in St Valentin’s Day in 1993 and dedicated to lovers, it is decorated with colourful mosaics and many famous poem phrases; or San Martín Square, surrounded by many more historical buildings such as the Colon Theatre, and of course, the San Martín statue, commemorating Peru’s liberator from the Spanish crown: Argentinian General José de San Martín.
Of course, tourists cannot leave Lima without trying the world-famous Peruvian food: ceviche. While there are many staples of Peruvian cuisine, ceviche – fished marinated in limes and peppers, with onion, corn and sweet potatoes – is something all travellers must try in Lima. Without a doubt, Lima is a grand city with many things to offer, and tourists will be glad to have spent time there.…